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Periodicals fund

A significant place in the overall fund of handwritten and printed legacy of Gazi Husrev-bey Library is taken by newspapers. Versatile linguistic representation is an essential asset of the Library which is immediately noticeable in this fund too.


However, dominant among old newspapers are those in oriental languages: Ottoman Turkish, Arabic, and Persian. Of European languages, the most frequent are Bosnian, written in Bosnian Cyrillic (known as Bosančica) or in Arebica, in Latin lettering or in Cyrillic, as well as in German as the language of Austro-Hungarian Empire that took rule of Bosnia and Herzegovina after the retreat of the Ottomans.

The oldest newspaper in Ottoman language was Calendar Salname-i vilajet-i Bosna (Yearbook of Bosnian Vilayet). It was the official newspaper of the Vilayet administration initiated in the period of 1866-1878).

It was initiated again in 1882, only four years after Austro-Hungarian occupation, this time under the title of Bosna ve Hersek vilajeti salanmesi and continued to be printed until 1892 under the auspices of the Provincial Government, and were printed in the State printing house in Sarajevo. The newspaper in this period represented a kind of official yearbook, given that it dealt with the official topics of monarchical government. In the period from mid-1881 to 1892, this yearbook was transformed into a newspaper named Sarajevski list.



As associates engaged to publish their writings in the newspaper, each in their own areas of interest, were representatives of the first constellation of Bosniak Intellectuals, among whom are the following names: Ibrahim-beg Bašagić, Mehmed Teufik Azapagić, Salih Safvet Bašić, Mustafa Hilmi Muhibić, Salih Sidki Hadžihusejnović-Muvekkit.
Mehmed Šakir Kurtćehajić (died in 1872 in Vienna), one of the first Bosniak journalists, started the newspaper Gülşeni Saray (Sarajevski cvjetnik) in 1868. It lasted until the death of its founder in 1872..



From 1884 until the end of 1897, the printed newspaper Vatan, whose publisher and editor in chief was Mehmed Hulusi, the previous editor of the Official Gazette of the Vilayet of Herzegovina Neretva (1876) in Mostar.

Vatan was printed in Turkish language and was intended primarily for religious officials whose "political tendencies and loyalty were not doubtful'', as stated in the explanation of the Provincial Government in authorising its launch.

One of the reasons highlighted by initiators for the start-up of the newspaper was their intention for it to become a substitute for the newspaper Bosna, which was published in the native language, in Latin and Cyrillic letterings, and which could therefore be not used for educational purposes of a wider Muslim population.


The most prominent associates of the newspaper were Esad Kulović, Muhamed Emin Hadžijahić and Ibrahim-beg Bašagić. Another newspaper, Rehber, was published from 1897 to 1902.

 


Several larger newspapers followed, mainly with Turkish titles such as: Gajret (Mostar-Sarajevo, 1907-1914; 1921-1922; 1924-1941.), Behar (Sarajevo, 1900-1911.), Musavat (Mostar, 1906-1909.), Tarik (Sarajevo, 1908-1910.), Mu’allim (Sarajevo, 1910-1913.), Yeni Musavat, (Sarajevo, 1909-1911.) Zeman (Sarajevo, 1911-1912.),




Misbah (Sarajevo, 1912-1913.), Yeni Misbah (Sarajevo, 1913-1914.), and there were several with Bosnian titles: Novi vakat, Bošnjak (1891-1910.), Rehber (1884-1918.), Muslimanska svijest (Sarajevo, 1908-1910.), Muslimanska sloga (Sarajevo, 1910-1912.), Vakat/Novi vakat (Sarajevo, 1913-1914.) and so on.

 



The Gazi Husrev-bey Library, in addition to the old magazines, collects contemporary ones that are published in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the languages and scripts of its peoples, as well as those published in the Balkans, Europe, and Western countries, in European languages; journals from the Islamic world printed in Arabic, Turkish, Persian and Urdu languages. Procurement of journals is made by exchanges, subscriptions, and donations.